Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL)
The use of computers in the field of education started in the 1960s, and the name of the courses that used computer for the study were called Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) (Gunduz, 2005). Moreover, computers spread in schools in the 1980s, but people could not use them until 2000 with the spread of education programs (Ittelson, 2000 as cited in Gunduz, 2005). Technology has become vital in the field of education, especially the process of language teaching and learning, and it became known as Computer Assisted Cooperative Learning (CALL). This term refers to the link between technology, theory and pedagogy (Garrett, 2009). This definition is very comprehensive since the use of technology only without taking into consideration the process of teaching and learning is not considered CALL.
The main focus of CALL is to make the learning student-cantered as students should depend on themselves to study rather than depending completely on the teachers. In addition, the spread of CALL is due to its advantages, especially that it leads to improvement in language skills among learners, and it helps to make learning more effective.
Garrett, N. (2009). Computer‐assisted language learning trends and issues revisited: Integrating innovation. The Modern Language Journal 93(s1): 719-740.
Gündüz, N. (2005). Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL). Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies 1(2):193-214.