Skill 1-11

REVIEW EXERCISE (Skills 1-11): Study each of the passages and choose the best answers to the questions that follow.

PASSAGE ONE (Questions 1-6)

Bigfoot is a humanlike creature reportedly living in the Pacific Northwest. Bigfoot sightings have been noted most often in the mountainous areas of Northern California, Oregon, and Washington in the United States. The creature has also been spotted numerous times in British Line Columbia in Canada, where it is known as Sasquatch. (5) The creature described by witnesses is tall by human standards, measuring 7 to 10 feet (2 to 3 meters) in height. It resembles an ape with its thick, powerful, fur-covered arms and short, strong neck; however, its manner of walking erect is more like that of Homo sapiens.

Although there have been hundreds of reported sightings of Bigfoot, most experts have not seen enough evidence to be convinced of its existence. The fact that some purported evidence (10) has been proven fake may have served to discredit other more credible information.


PASSAGE TWO (Questions 7-13)

The next hormone is epinephrine, or adrenaline. This hormone is a natural secretion of the adrenal glands, which are located just above the kidneys in the human body. Its primary function in the human body is to help the body to %»|>e with sudden surges of stress. When a
Line person unexpectedly finds himself in a stressful situation filled with fear or anger, a large amount (5) of epinephrine is released into the blood and the body responds with an increased heartbeat, higher blood pressure, and conversion of glycogen into glucose for energy to enable the body to deal with the stress.

It is possible to extract epinephrine from the adrenal glands of animals or to synthesize it chemically in order to put it to further use. It is used in the treatment of severe asthma, where it (10) relaxes the large muscles of the bronchi;, the large air passages leading into the lungs. It is also used in cases of severe allergic reaction or cardiac arrest.


PASSAGE THREE (Questions 14-19)

 <p style=”text-align: justify;”>A massive banking crisis occurred in the United States in 1933. In the two preceding years, a large number of banks had <u>failed</u>, and fear of lost savings had prompted many depositors to remove their funds from banks. Problems became so serious in the state of Michigan that Line Governor William A. Comstock was forced to declare a moratorium on all banking activities in (5) the state on February 14, 1933. The panic in Michigan quickly spread to other states, and on March 6, President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared a banking moratorium throughout the United States that left the entire country without banking services.</p>
<p style=”text-align: justify;”>Congress immediately met in a special session to solve the banking crisis, and on March 9 it passed the Emergency Banking Act of 1933 to assist financially healthy banks to reopen. By March (10) 15, banks controlling 90 percent of the country’s financial reserves were again open for business.</p>

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