Skill 1-13

REVIEW EXERCISE (Skills 1-13): Study each of the passages and choose the best answers to the questions that follow.

PASSAGE ONE (Questions 1-6)

Another noteworthy trend in twentieth-century music in the United States was the use of folk and popular music as a base for more serious compositions. The motivation for these borrowings from traditional music might be a desire on the part of a composer to return to Line simpler forms, to enhance patriotic feelings, or to establish an immediate rapport with an (5) audience. For whatever reason, composers such as Aaron Copland and Charles Ives offered compositions featuring novel musical forms flavored with refrains from traditional Americana.

Copland drew upon folk music, particularly as sources for the music he wrote for the ballets Billy the Kid, Rodeo, and Appalachian Spring. Ives employed the whole gamut of patriotic songs, hymns, jazz, and popular songs in his compositions.

 

PASSAGE TWO (Questions 7-12)

The rattlesnake has a reputation as a dangerous and deadly snake with a fierce hatred for humanity. Although the rattlesnake is indeed a venomous snake capable of killing a human, its nature has perhaps been somewhat exaggerated in myth and folklore. Line The rattlesnake is not inherently aggressive and generally strikes only when it has been put (5) on the defensive. In its defensive posture the rattlesnake raises the front part of its body off the ground and assumes an S-shaped form in preparation for a lunge forward. At the end of a forward thrust, the rattlesnake pushes its fangs into the victim, thereby injecting its venom.

There are more than 30 species of rattlesnakes, varying in length from 20 inches to 6 feet. In the United States there are only a few deaths annually from rattlesnakes, with a (10) mortality rate of less than 2 percent of those attacked.

 

PASSAGE THREE (Questions 13-17)

For a century before the Erie Canal was built, there was much discussion among the general population of the Northeast as to the need for connecting the waterways of the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. A project of such monumental proportions was not going to be undertaken Line and completed without a supreme amount of effort.

(5) The man who was instrumental in accomplishing the feat that was the Erie Canal was DeWitt Clinton. As early as 1812, he was in the nation’s capital petitioning the federal government for financial assistance on the project, emphasizing what a boon to the economy of the country the canal would be; his efforts with the federal government, however, were not successful.

In 1816, Clinton asked the New York State Legislature for the funding for the canal, and this (10) time he did succeed. A canal commission was instituted, and Clinton himself was made head of it. One year later, Clinton was elected governor of the state, and soon after, construction of the canal was started.

The canal took eight years to complete, and Clinton was on the first barge to travel the length of the canal, the Seneca Chief, which departed from Buffalo on October 26, 1825, and (15) arrived in New York City on November 4. Because of the success of the Erie Canal, numerous other canals were built in other parts of the country.

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