Tutorials-Skill 11

Skill 11: USE CONTEXT TO DETERMINE MEANINGS OF SIMPLE WORDS

On both the paper TOEFL test and the computer TOEFL test, you may be asked to determine the meaning of a simple word in a reading passage, a word that you see often in everyday English. In this type of question, you should not give the normal, everyday meaning of the word; instead, a secondary meaning of the word is being tested, so you must determine the meaning of the word in this situation. Look at a multiple-choice example from the paper TOEFL test where a secondary meaning is the best answer to the question.

 

HOW TO IDENTIFY THE QUESTION

What is the meaning of”X”in lineY?

The word “X”in line Y could best be replaced by…

 

WHERE TO FIND THE ANSWER

Information to help you understand the secondary meaning of a simple

word can often be found in the context surrounding the word.

 

HOW TO ANSWER THE QUESTION

  1. Find the word in the passage.
  2. Read the sentence that contains the word carefully.
  3. Look for context clues to help you understand the meaning.
  4. Choose the answer that the context indicates.

 

 

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