Skill 2: RECOGNIZE THE ORGANIZATION OF IDEAS
In the Reading section of both the paper TOEFL test and the computer TOEFL test, there may be questions about the organization of ideas in a passage. On the paper and the computer tests, you may be asked to determine how the ideas in one paragraph (or paragraphs) relate to the ideas in another paragraph (or paragraphs). On the computer TOEFL test, you may also see a question that asks you to click on the paragraph in a passage that contains certain ideas. Look at an example from the paper TOEFL test that asks you to determine how the information in the passage is organized.
HOW TO IDENTIFY THE QUESTION
How is the information in the passage organized?
How is the information in the second paragraph related to the information in the prst paragraph?
WHERE TO FIND THE ANSWER
The answer to this type of question can generally be determined by looking at the first sentence of the appropriate paragraphs.
HOW TO ANSWER THE QUESTION
- Read the first line of each paragraph.
- Look for a common theme or idea in the first lines.
- Pass your eyes quickly over the rest of the passage to check that you have really found the topic sentence(s).
- Eliminate any definitely wrong answers and choose the best answer from the remaining choices.