Skill 7: ANSWER TRANSITION QUESTIONS CORRECTLY
You will sometimes be asked on both the paper TOEFL test and the computer TOEFL test to answer a multiple-choice question about what probably came before the reading passage (in the preceding paragraph) or what probably comes after the reading passage (in the following paragraph). Of course, the topic of the preceding or following paragraph is not directly stated, and you must draw a conclusion to determine what is probably in these paragraphs.
This type of question is a transition question. It asks you to demonstrate that you understand that good writing contains transitions from one paragraph to the next. A paragraph may start out with the idea of the previous paragraph as a way of linking the ideas in the two paragraphs. A paragraph may also end with an idea that will be further developed in the following paragraph. Look at a multiple-choice example of a transition question from the paper TOEFL test that asks you to identify what was probably in the preceding paragraph.
HOW TO IDENTIFY THE QUESTION
The paragraph preceding the passage probably…
What is most likely in the paragraph following the passage?
WHERE TO FIND THE ANSWER
The answer can generally be found in the first line of the passage for a preceding question. The answer can generally be found in the last line for a following question.
HOW TO ANSWER THE QUESTION
- Read the first line for a preceding question.
- Read the last line for a following question.
- Draw a conclusion about what comes before or offer.
- Choose the answer that is reflected in the first or last line of the passage.